Adopsi Prinsip Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) Dalam Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat Di Kecamatan Sei Menggaris, Kabupaten Nunukan

Nofian Agatha, R. Rijanta Rijanta

Sari


Sertifikasi Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) hadir sebagai salah satu upaya pemerintah Indonesia dalam menjamin keberlanjutan sekaligus memenuhi tuntutan kekhawatiran global terhadap kinerja sosial dan lingkungan yang buruk dalam sektor industri kelapa sawit. Namun, karena informalitas dan praktek produksi yang buruk oleh produsen skala kecil, mengakibatkan banyak petani kelapa sawit di Indonesia memiliki hambatan untuk terlibat dalam skema sertifikasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan perpaduan antara pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Data primer dikumpulkan di Kecamatan Sei Menggaris, dengan unit analisis petani swadaya dan petani plasma dengan sampel yang berjumlah 170 petani. Pengolahan data menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya perbedaan pada tingkat adopsi standar keberlanjutan ISPO antara petani swadaya dan petani plasma. Terdapat 85,3 petani swadaya yang tergolong memiliki tingkat adopsi sedang dan 14,7 persen petani swadaya yang memiliki tingkat adopsi tinggi, sedangkan petani plasma yang memiliki tingkat adopsi sedang sebesar 53,3 persen dan tingkat adopsi tinggi sebesar 42,7 persen. Faktor yang memiliki pengaruh terhadap tingkat adopsi petani adalah intensitas keikutsertaan penyuluhan.


Kata Kunci


: adopsi inovasi, kelapa sawit berkelanjutan, keberlanjutan, skema sertifikasi, ISPO, keterlibatan petani,adoption of innovation, sustainable palm oil, sustainability, certification scheme, ISPO, farmer inclusion

Referensi


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